Hung fa yi wing chun uses botn siu lim tau and siu nim tau to prove its combat effectiveness.
In hung fa yi wing chun kung-fu, both are correct, but they do not refer to training in the same way. Each represents a different approach to training with a specific military purpose attached to that approach. The siu nim tau training track was employed to develop leaders who could reproduce combat warriors in whatever numbers were required.
Out of military necessity, few practitioners were trained to this level of knowledge. In contrast, siu lim tau training was employed for the vast majority of practitioners who were expected to produce results on the battlefield, but was not expected to reproduce fellow warriors.
In truth, this is how military training has been approached for millennia.
Several subsequent drilling sequences are pictured in this article. They follow a logical progression of drilling from a stationary posture, then advancing to an attack stance with the same structural drilling of the wrist-elbow punch. This trained the body mechanics of moving into an opponent’s space. Subsequent exercises incorporate chain punches and strikes and ultimately, exercises with partners to include paak da (redirect/punch), gum da (trap/punch), etc.
The nature of any technique or strategy/tactic could be trained through such drilling. For example, the nature of hung fa yi paak is to redirect up/down or left/right. All directions could be trained with body mechanics drilling. Each exercise helps the trainer drill the structural time frame of space into the body mechanics of the trainee without expending the time and resources to communicate and teach in- depth concepts, principles, and philosophies.
After body mechanics training, skill and challenge exercises are employed to determine whether true combat skill levels have been reached.
Weaknesses are quickly identified and appropriate drilling is resumed to correct them. The ultimate tests of combat worthiness are the actual combat applications, which are trained at every skill level in hung fa yi wing chun. All exercises and drills reflect the exact motions to be employed in actual combat, so retraining is minimal and de-conditioning of training methodologies is unnecessary.
Hung fa yi’s two-track training system fully addresses the military training imperatives of any organized fighting force. Siu nim tau track training provides complete technical knowledge for developing a few highly skilled and knowledgeable leaders/trainers. These leaders are equipped to instantly assess the strategies, tactics, structures, and tools of the enemy and quickly develop/adapt body mechanics and reaction drills that build the necessary wing kiu skills into front-line warriors. Those same warriors can express the entire wing chun formula in their bodies and weapons without the lengthy training time required to develop the in-depth knowledge of their leaders.
They are not, however, prepared to develop new drills/exercises to counter different threats. Nor are they prepared to reproduce other fighters. These abilities lie only within the grasp of the select few practitioners given full siu nim tau track technical knowledge.
Certainly, there are more advanced levels of hung fa yi wing chun training to include chum kiu and biu ji skill and knowledge levels, but, under the guidance of skilled trainers, even siu lim tau-level fighters could be employed in combat, using weapons, as well as hands and feet.
This proves the effectiveness and combat training efficiency of the hung fa yi wing chun system.