Traditional martial arts require that fighters abide by a set of rules while fighting. For example, you may only be allowed to fight standing up, striking certain body parts is not permitted. But mixed martial arts allow fighters to use many different strategies to tackle their opponents. The techniques allowed in mixed martial arts competitions can be dived in to two categories: grappling techniques (pinning holds, clinch holds, takedowns, sweeps, throws, and submission holds) or striking techniques (knees, punches, and kicks).
The history of mixed martial arts can be traced back to the early 1900s in Japan, Europe, and the Pacific Rim. They were not introduced to the United States until the first UFC (Ultimate Fighting Championship) in 1993. This sport gained international publicity and widespread exposure when Royce Gracie, a Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu fighter, won the first UFC tournament by defeating three challengers in five minutes. As the UFC tournaments continued each year, interest in mixed martial arts continued to grow.
Offensive based Mixed Martial Arts are incorporated into attacks as a means of wearing down an opponent. Perhaps the most popular is full contact karate, a technique that emphasizes the strength of the legs to wear down the endurance of another fighter and render the capability of his attacks to a much less powerful degree. While karate only uses kicking attacks, full form kickboxing complements attacks with upper body power that can deliver head shots or chest blows, both of which can wear down or even fully incapacitate an attacker.
Dirty Boxing and Clinch fighting use a clinching hold to keep the opponent from moving away for a better striking range. Takedowns are also attempted by using stomps, elbows, knees, and punches to strike the opponent. For extra effect, Thai kickboxing moves are also used. Mixed martial arts wrestlers can use this technique if the opponent has superior striking skills and to prevent take downs. Muay Thai mixed martial arts training will help to improve the accuracy of elbows and knees by controlling the opponent’s position.
Ground based Mixed Martial Arts are most common in UFC fights given the ease by which one can earn a submission if they can pull their opponent onto the floor. Ground grappling is less “pretty” than stand up form but is far more difficult due to the need to control your entire opponent’s weight along with your own.
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